Focusing on ethical principles used in resolving ethical dilemmas, discuss conditions under which it is ethical for physicians to perform abortions.
- Be sure to identify and discuss applicable state and federal laws/regulations as well as ethical theories and principles.
- Your opinions must be justified with evidence from the literature.
- Be sure to apply critical thinking skills
Note: In answering this, I am presuming you are from the United States, based on the wording of the question.
Prior to 1973, the legality of abortion was determined by each state individually. However, in 1973, in a Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade, abortion was legalized nationwide. The ruling stated that a mother had the right to an abortion until viability (whether the baby would be able to survive on its own), which is to be determined by the doctor performing the abortion. The abortion debate has historically largely centred on when life begins, whether it is at conception or birth or somewhere in between. In Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court proposed that the government should not be concerned in this matter, but only in protecting "potential life" that ...
This solution discusses the ethics of abortion and how ethics and justice interacts with federal and state laws.