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The Human mind in Interpreting Research findings

Can someone help me with this? (My text is Leedy and Ormod, Practical research)

The human mind is a very powerful tool of research. How does the mind use statistics, deductive logic, and inductive reasoning to interpret research findings?

Outcome:
Understand the difference between the tools and the methodology of research.

Learning Objective:
Identify the principal functions of statistics to a researcher.

Solution Preview

Let's take a closer look. This infromation is drawn from one soruce, which is lsited at the end of the response.

RESPONSE:

1. Understand the difference between the tools and the methodology of research.

? Research tool is a specific mechanism or strategy the researcher uses to collect, manipulate, or interpret data.
? Research methodology is general approach the researcher takes in carrying out the research project; to some extent, this approach dictates the particular tools the researcher selects.

There are six general tools of research:

1. The library and its resources
2. The computer and its software
3. Techniques of measurement
4. Statistics
5. The human mind
6. Language

Statistics is always subsidiary to basic research. However to insist the use of statistics will deny valid research in non-quantitative investigation.

2. The human mind is a very powerful tool of research. How does the mind use statistics, deductive logic, and inductive reasoning to interpret research findings?

The human mind is used as a tool of research, which uses strategies to interpret research, including statistics, deductive logic and inductive reasoning e.g. scientific method.There are some facts to consider:

? Statistics can tell us the centre, the spread, relationship of data BUT cannot interpret and arrive at a logical conclusion or meaning.
? Only the human mind can do that using strategies--deductive and inductive reasoning as well as critical thinking.
? Mind is therefore the most important tool.
? Nothing equals its powers of comprehension, integrative reasoning and insight.

In other words, strategies USED BY the human mind to increase understanding include:

? Deductive logic
? Inductive reasoning
? Scientific method
? Critical thinking
? Collaboration with others
? Language as a tool

Let's look at these strategies, inclduing collaboration with others and language as a tool of the human mind to interpret research. How is knoweledge discovered?. Planning begins with an understanding of the manner in which knowledge is discovered - the sole aim of research. In fact, people have devised only THREE ways to seek the unknown: Deductive Logic, Inductive Reasoning. The aplication of the scientific method often involves both deductive and inductive reasoning.
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Solution Summary

This solution discusses how the human mind is a very powerful tool of research in terms of using statistics, deductive logic, and inductive reasoning to interpret research findings. It helps to understand the difference between the tools and methodology of research, as well as identifies principal functions of statistics to a researcher. References are provided.

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