Why were institutional review boards established? What, if any, special considerations must be made for children, pregnant women, and prisoners who are asked to participate in a research study? Would military personnel be considered vulnerable?
The institutional review board (or IRB) is a committee formed to oversee research that involves human subjects. The IRB was formed to ensure that human participants are not harmed or treated unfairly in the course of a research study. The IRB protects people from psychological and physical harm. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Department of Health and Human Services regulations have empowered IRBs to approve, require modifications in planned research prior to approval, or disapprove research. IRBs are responsible for critical oversight ...
Overview of the IRB (Institutional Review Board) and vulnerable populations.