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Institutional Review Boards

Need help with two ways that IRB ethical guidelines can impart one's selection of a research population, research setting, and/or research design as when developing ideas for a prospectus. Also, how would the guidelines apply to a research concerning the retention of college students in community colleges?

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IRB Guidelines prohibit coercion of participants, require that participants be fully informed of the risks and benefits of participating, restrict the groups with whom certain types of research can be conducted, require that participants be debriefed if the study is sensitive, and encourage researchers to recruit participant pools that are diverse ethically. IRBs restrict the types of research that can be done with certain populations, including those in prison, minors, pregnant women, and other typically marginalized groups. The requirements of IRBs vary from university to university- some universities have stricter requirements and review procedures that others. Requirements for certain types of research (e.g., medical drug research) are much stricter than requirements for other types of research (e.g., social sciences research).

Therefore, one way an IRB Guideline could impact selection of a research population is that certain types of research cannot be conducted with special populations such as prisoners or children. Another ...

Solution Summary

This posting describes how IRB guidelines can impact the choices researchers make and includes an example of how a study of retention among community college students might be impacted by IRB Guidelines.