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The Belmont Report

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Evaluate the ethical principles used in resolving ethical dilemmas, and identify specific ethical issues that may have sociological, economic, legal or political implications.

Research and discuss the role of the Belmont Report in establishing ethical guidelines for conducting research and experimentation.

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This work is to be treated as a guideline to assist you with this assignment. At no time is it intended to be a final submission work and I discourage you from using it as such. Points made and topics discussed in this work should be researched further and validated by the student prior to utilizing it in their own work which will be complied for final submission to their schools.
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In 1974, Congress passed the National Research Act and established the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. It required that all research receive prior review and approval from an Institutional Review Board. These Institutional Review Boards are local committees that determine whether certain standards are met to protect the human subjects before research may be preformed. They are made up of physicians, ethicists, clergy, lawyers, and people from the community. In 1978, The National Commission developed a report, which identified basic ethical principles in biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects. Along with the principles guidelines were developed to ensure that the research is conducted in accordance with those principles. The Belmont Report identified three main concepts by which to evaluate the ethics of research: respect for persons, beneficence, and justice. These concepts have been the subject of much analysis and ...

Solution Summary

In 1974, Congress passed the National Research Act and established the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. It required that all research receive prior review and approval from an Institutional Review Board. These Institutional Review Boards are local committees that determine whether certain standards are met to protect the human subjects before research may be preformed.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

IRB ethic directives

Give details on following items that have shaped the modern IRB (Institutional Review Board). Then compare and contract the directives analyzing how each is important to the IRB ethic directives. One page to each of the three directives:

Nuremberg Code
Declaration of Helsinki
Belmont Report

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