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Ethical Standards of Institutional Review Boards (IRB's)

All research in any field needs to be approved by federally mandated institutional review boards (IRBs). Using the following case study, evaluate the questions that follow:

Dr. Mike and a team of fellows decided to do a study on how teaching approaches affect a student's college entrance exams. They wanted to examine the teaching approaches used from first grade through college. All of the fellows had good working relationships with the school system in their area. They knew many of the teachers so the information would be very easy to obtain. Since they were all professors at the university, they would have access to entrance exam scores. They were on their way to a great study that would show how teaching approaches influence scores on college entrance exams.

Living in a small community, all of the members of the team were able to obtain data and also observe the subjects for their study. Each member took one grade in each school. They set up the criteria for what they wanted to observe along with dependent and independent variables. They were thrilled that they did not have to go through the usual red tape to get all the information they needed. They decided to pick a control group for their study and set their parameters. No one would be harmed in the study.

What they thought would be a longitudinal study was not going to be anymore. The team felt that in a year they would be able to report their results and publish their research.

For the next year this is exactly what the team did. They worked hard to obtain information, set goals to accomplish and to establish a time line for publication. The work went well and the team completed their research sooner than they expected. They worked on their paper and results for publication.

What are the possible ethical issues with the research and publication standards in this situation? What are some of the ethical issues the team disregarded? What do you think would make these ethical issues important in their study and why? If you were part of this team, what might you have done differently when the research study was beginning? Share your professional opinion of the study as it relates to socio-cultural beliefs and values as well as influences on your personal beliefs and values. How would you have used the Ethics Code to explain your points as to what might be missing or overlooked? Use the Code along with the text to support your points.

Solution Preview

(1) What are the possible ethical issues with the research and publication standards in this situation?

A definition provided for an drawn institutional Review Board (IRB) is drawn from the selection of a group of individuals who are charged with the protection of subjects in research activities (Ferraro, Orvedal, & Plaud, 1996)) implementation to human research. The research is more assessed=based (Rice, 2011). The ultimate gaol of the IFB is to protect human and non-human subjects in the context of research (Ferraro et., 1996). However, according to Rice (2011), the difficulty with IRB's is that they force researchers and/or physicians to turn to animal research. On the other hand, the main goal of IRB's is to protect the rights of individual and group human subjects who consent to participate in research. On this basis, IRB requirements apply within the following guidelines:(a) Research in educational settings established, (b) research on observable behavior, (c) confidentiality of personal and identifiable information will be obtained linked to the subject in relation to benefits, (c) Subjects cannot be identified are linked to the study, (d) research subjected to the approval of department heads and/or agencies. The first clause of Standard 4-06 assigns priority to that which benefits the client. In assigning priority to beneficence (i.e., cause no harm). ...

Solution Summary

This solution cites a specific case study to explain ethics in research that must be approved by IRB's.

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