What is Collaborative Institutions Training Initiative (CITI) training?
Why does that training exist?
What are the ethical responsibilities of researchers as it relates to the people, contexts, or situations they are researching?
The university I attend requires all doctoral students to take the CITI training before they can submit proposals to the Institutional Review Board. In other words, I've taken the course on Human Subjects Research and it was excellent!
The answer to your first question is easily found on the "About Us" page on the company's website. Here is the link: https://www.citiprogram.org/aboutus.asp?language=english.
That page also describes the reason the training exists, but I will add my own explanation here, having completed the course. Human Subjects Research is done in the biomedical and social sciences areas. The ethical question about research is whether you, as a researcher, are doing more harm than good. Sometimes that question is easy to answer and other times it is not. Should you inject 10 small children with a harmful virus that will kill them, but also will lead to a cure for millions of others? (Spoiler alert: NO! You should look for another way to approach your research!)
The course gives some of the more flagrant examples of unethical research, the most famous of which was done in Nuremberg, Germany in 1947. I have attached two articles that ...
Collaborative Institutions Training Initiative (CITI) training is described, and the ethics involved.