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diagnose various endocrine problems

Describe the diagnostic laboratory test used to diagnose endocrine problems explaining these terms

1. Glucose Tolerance test

2. Insulin Tolerance test

3. Protein-bound iodine

4. fasting blood sugar

5. Thyroid function test

6. Total Calcium

Solution Preview

1. Glucose Tolerance test: The glucose tolerance test is a laboratory method to check how the body breaks down (metabolizes) blood sugar. The most common glucose tolerance test is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). You cannot eat or drink anything after midnight before the test. For the test, you will be asked to drink a liquid containing a certain amount of glucose. Your blood will be taken before you do this, and again every 30 to 60 minutes after you drink the solution. The test takes up to 3 hours. The intravenous glucose tolerance test (IGTT) is rarely used. In this test, glucose is injected into your vein for 3 minutes. Blood insulin levels are measured before the injection, and again at 1 and 3 minutes after the injection.

2. Insulin Tolerance test: A doctor may requested a special test of your pituitary and adrenal gland function known as an insulin tolerance test (ITT for short). The aim of the test is to measure the hormone response to the stress of a low blood sugar level. The medication insulin is used in people with diabetes to control high blood sugar ...

Solution Summary

This solution fully describes the diagnostic laboratory tests used to diagnose various endocrine problems. It also includes a full explanation of related terms.