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Network Segmentation

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Explain the benefits of network segmentation.

Describe the different transport mechanisms included with TCP/IP.

Explain each mechanism's approach for connections establishment and termination.

Enumerate the applications that use TCP, the ones that use UDP, and the reasons why they use one or the other.

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Network Segmentation:
Routing segmentation-Divide the network into smaller clusters
Logical segmentation- Router and the network host are connected to one device and share one or two IP address subnets
Physical segmentation-Divide a network into "...another physical network"(Simmons, & Dalan, 2003)
VLAN-"...groups of attached hosts as if they were on separate physical devices" (Simmons, & Dalan, 2003)

The benefits of network segmentation:
Segmentation's increase the bandwidth available to each host. The router will not be overly congested with traffic preventing fewer collisions and reduction of bottlenecks. The benefits of logical segmentation is the reduction of cost by physically sharing the router or switch. The ability to create smaller networks help to manage a network more effectively.

TCP/IP is the protocol used for the internet. TCP is the transmission control ...

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Local Area Networks

Read the scenario in question 6.

Select your answer, then discuss the type of protocol you would use in this situation. Give an argument about why you feel it would be the best solution.

6. Your company has a network that contains several NetWare 4.11 servers and uses IPX as the routing protocol. Each of the network segments has at least one NetWare server on it. Which of the following responds to a Get Nearest Server (GNS)request from a client?

a. A NetWare server on the same segment
b. A NetWare server on any segment
c. A Cisco router on the same segment
d. A Cisco router on any segment

Read the scenario in question 18. Select your answer and explain your reasoning.

18. You are using a computer with NetBEUI. Unfortunately, you can't connect to a computer located on another LAN, although you can connect to the computers that are on the same LAN. What is the problem?

a. You are using the wrong MAC address.
b. You are using the wrong NetBEUI name.
c. You are using the wrong gateway address.
d. NetBEUI is a nonroutable protocol.

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