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    Organizational Structures: Manageable Groups

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    This needs to be cleaned up a bit, especially the Matrix, as per the instructor: "No. This isn't consistent with either the PMBOK or Kerzner (2006)." The below-referenced is a section in my main essay that I am currently writing, could you please revise the Matrix portion right away. This posting takes priority over the earlier questions' posting okay.

    Organization Structures are ways of breaking a company down into manageable groups. Project Organizational Structures are a way of creating manageable groups based on projects. There are basically three structures:
    1) Functional-This structure is best used for routine projects. Projects are assigned to teams using two methods.
    a. Assign to a functional manager who then coordinates with each department to do its part of the project.
    b. Project is moved to each department, similar to an assembly line. Each department manager is in charge of assuring that its department performs the function.
    The problem with the functional structure is that it does not work well with complex projects.
    2) Project Organization-This framework is built specifically around working on projects. A team structure is established specifically for the project and then disbanded when the project is completed. The problem with this structure is that it is inefficient. Oftentimes, by the time the team begins functioning effectively, the project is over.
    3) Matrix-This model was designed to overcome the weaknesses of the other two models. In this model, a functional manager is assigned and oversees all of the staffing, training and assignment of project personnel, as well as evaluations. Specialists are then assigned to one or more projects and then oversee these individual projects. One possible drawback with the matrix model is that a specialist may have to report to two or more managers, which can cause confusion and conflict.
    Out of the three referenced herein, choosing the Matrix model is probably best even though it is geared for more complex projects. It assigns resources most efficiently and is best for handling multiple projects.

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    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses how organizational structures breaks down into manageable groups.