1. Compare and contrast each of the five organizational structures (functional, divisional, matrix, team-based, and virtual network).
2. If you were to choose one structure in which to work which would you choose and why?
3. Compare the organizational structures of Google and Wal-Mart.
4. Explain what types of control processes might be found in each of the 5. organizational structures.
5. Describe what types of quality management processes might be found in each of the organizational structures.
Five Organizational Structures
Organizations use structures to differentiate responsibilities, functions, and roles, which are required to achieve organizational objectives (Jones, 2010). This paper will provide illustrations of and compare and contrast five different organizational structures; functional, divisional, matrix, team-based, and virtual network. This review will also include identification of quality management processes and control processes indigenous within each type of organizational structure.
The organizational structure will affect how decisions are rendered and how quickly they have an influence on the organization. Organizational structures can have two linear opposites, the first is mechanistsc, and is associated with formal organizational structure, and the second is organic structure, and is associated with informal organizational structure.
For example, a divisional structure groups departments together according to organizational outputs, and each division is responsible for profitability within the market segment. Each division is considered a separate business entity and has all the necessary managerial and functional structures to operate as an independent business unit. Divisional organizational structures concentrate on managerial and employee productivity and effectiveness. The efficiency of the divisional structure steams from its flexibility, which allows each division to respond to individual environmental changes, threats, and opportunities (Jones, 2010). In this type of structure division managers have direct control over each division, and the chain of command is top down.
The functional organizational structure usually has a president or CEO at the head/top of the structure and divides organizational activities into defined functions, i.e. manufacturing, personnel, finance, and marketing (Jones, 2010). This is one of the oldest types of organizational structure and the management theory that was prevalent when this design was created had a direct bearing on this particular organizational structure. For example, when the structure was popular organizations were primarily managed by upper middle and lower managers. The control process related to ...
The organizational structure of a company, corporation, or business entity can be classified according to the type of organizational chain of command, communication flow or corporate/business strategy the leadership requires. This solution provides a detailed explanation of the various types of organizational structures, and contains in text citations and references.