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    Leadership and Business Management Discussion

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    Turning a failing organization around is one of the most interesting activities in management. When organizations see themselves in that downward spiral, their managers may feel that they are unable to stop the pace of negative change. That worry and that downward momentum can be very powerful. At the same time, it sometimes takes only a key impetus to deflect that movement and turn things around.

    Picture yourself as a new manager hired into a failing division in a company. The product line is outdated and losing market share, inter-departmental communication is adversarial, and competition for corporate funding is fierce. How are you, a new person, going to turn things around? Consider the following example, Symphonic Cooperation, from another "industry" below. The following article is an example of how one person, working in a very different type of workplace, turned around a company by making changes in its structure. Some of what was done may be food for thought in your very different work environment. As your first job as the new manager at the outdated, adversarial company, write a plan for changing its organizational structure, incorporating the following elements:

    Your vision of the new organizational structure for your division including how you would realign individuals, tasks, processes and functions

    Steps to manage the transition from the old organizational structure to the new
    New policies that you would implement that should begin right away to facilitate the change to the new organizational structure

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    Discussion of Key concepts
    Forces of Change in the organization:

    Internal forces for change in the organization

    Informality and networking i.e Informal organization structure
    Work Environment
    Change in key personnel, top management perception.
    Cultural Influences of the employees
    Resource audit i.e. physical, financial, human and intangibles of the organization
    Analyzing core competence and value chain analysis and matching with the external environment

    External Forces for change in the organization

    Change in Market conditions, economic conditions
    Political and legal environment
    Societal and cultural environment
    Technological environment
    Industry changes
    Demographic changes
    Quality of Human resource
    Globalization due to Market convergence, cost advantages.

    Organization structure and change

    Organizational structure is the formal decision-making framework by which job tasks are divided, grouped, and coordinated. Organizational structure determines the role and responsibilities within the organization.
    Purpose of organization structure
    Organization structure is one of the key elements of the strategy implementation. Thus key objectives of it are:
    • Building a capable organization
    • Allocating ample resources to strategy-critical activities
    • Establishing strategy supportive policies & procedures
    • Instituting best practices & mechanisms for continuous improvement
    Organizational structure depends on the product to be developed. Wheelwright and Clark define a continuum of organizational structures between two extremes, functional organizations and project organizations. Functional organizations are organized according to technological disciplines. Senior functional managers are responsible for allocating resources. The ...

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