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    Compare & contrast three types of organizational structures

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    Prepare a presentation with speaker's notes in which you compare and contrast three types of organizational structures. In your presentation be sure to address the following items:

    a. Select an organization with which you are familiar.
    b. Evaluate how organizational functions (e.g., marketing, finance, human resources
    (HR), operations, etc) impact the organizational structure of your selected organization.
    c. Explain how organizational design (e.g., geographic, functional, customer-based,
    product, service, hybrid, matrix, marketing channels, departmentalization
    determines which structure best suits your selected organization's needs.

    Be sure to cite at least two references in your presentation. Properly cite your references. If you used an electronic source, include the URL. If you used a printed source please attach a copy of the data to your paper.

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    Solution Preview

    Please see attached file.

    Hospital - http://peppersmc.com/org_design.htm

    Organization Design - http://www.answers.com/topic/organization-design
    Organization Design is a formal, guided process for integrating the people, information and technology of an organization. It is used to match the form of the organization as closely as possible to the purpose(s) the organization seeks to achieve. Through the design process, organizations act to improve the probability that the collective efforts of members will be successful.
    Typically, design is approached as an internal change under the guidance of an external facilitator. Managers and members work together to define the needs of the organization then create systems to meet those needs most effectively. The facilitator assures that a systematic process is followed and encourages creative thinking. http://www.inovus.com/organiza.htm
    The Design Process
    Organization design begins with the creation of a strategy ? a set of decision guidelines by which members will choose appropriate actions. The strategy is derived from clear, concise statements of purpose, and vision, and from the organization's basic philosophy. Strategy unifies the intent of the organization and focuses members toward actions designed to accomplish desired outcomes. The strategy encourages actions that support the purpose and discourages those that do not.
    Creating a strategy is planning, not organizing. To organize we must connect people with each other in meaningful and purposeful ways. Further, we must connect people with the information and technology necessary for them to be successful. Organization structure defines the formal relationships among people and specifies both their roles and their responsibilities. Administrative systems govern the organization through guidelines, procedures and policies. Information and technology define the process (es) through which members achieve outcomes. Each element must support each of the others and together they must support the organization's purpose. http://www.inovus.com/organiza.htm
    Organization Chart

    In today's global economy, competition has forced the extinction of some types of businesses and is causing the evolution of others. Thriving businesses are changing to meet new demands of the market-place. The structure and operation of a business can be recognized by looking at its organization chart. Though the size of the business may vary, the shape is pretty much the same?the familiar pyramid?with an organization head or a top manager, several (or no) layers of upper and/or middle management, usually some first line management, and the baseline employees.

    Designing an organization involves choosing an organizational structure that will enable the company to most effectively achieve its goals. Organization design is the creation of an organization's structure, traditionally functional, divisional, and/or matrix.
    Functions or divisions arrange traditional organizations. In a functional organization, authority is determined by the relationships between group functions and activities. Functional structures group similar or related occupational specialties or processes together under the familiar headings of finance, manufacturing, marketing, accounts receivable, research, surgery, and photo finishing. Economy is achieved through specialization. However, the organization risks losing sight of its overall interests as ...

    Solution Summary

    1st attachment: Contains an MS Word document that includes information on the Organizational Design Structure
    5 pages
    2,004 words
    18 paragraphs
    2nd attachment: Example of organizational Communication Hierarchy Chart