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Planning, Implementation and Evaluation in Public Administration

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1. Evaluate the importance of each major step in policy analysis as it relates to political choice. Next, debate if one would consider any of these steps more important than another. Provide a rationale to support your answer.

2. Consider Luther Gullick's views on the division of work. Discuss the overall manner in which the division of work that Gullick espouses impacts the size of public administration. Provide two to three (2-3) examples of such an impact—or lack thereof—in order to support your response.

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Planning is important because it sets the direction for the operation of any government unit. It requires determination of future action, in advance. Implementation is ensuring that plans and corresponding policies and strategies set are put into realization as intended. Evaluation is assessment of the extent that goals set are attained and plans intended are implemented as desired. In addition, during the evaluation stage, gaps, issues, and problems met in the realization of objectives are identified. Each step in policy ...

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This report focuses on brief description of the steps in policy analysis and the importance of each step. It was noted that all the steps are equally important in attaining the purpose of any public policy and and in the overall success of public administration. On the other hand, application of the principle of division of labor will make public policies focused. Overlapping of functions in public administration will also be reduced, if not totally eliminated.

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The logic model for program evaluation

The logic model for program evaluation.

Proponents of this method favor this model because it encourages systematic thinking and planning. Because this approach requires input at the planning, implementation, and evaluation stages, it provides a focus and consistency throughout all phases of the public health program. By using such an approach, the evaluation is more likely to yield information that is both credible and useful.

QEUSTIONS 1.)

Explain how a logic model can contribute positively to program planning, implementation, and evaluation in general?

2.)Consider how a logic model would help to guide a program at any stageâ?"development, implementation, and evaluation. In what ways would it be of value to your selected program?

3.)Did the program(PHILADELPHIA community model project see ref 1&2 below) you are studying use a logic model? If yes, describe the ways in which it has been used and how it has helped the program. If they did not use it, why not? Do you think it would have been helpful for them to use this model? In what ways?

REFERENCES:

Missouri Foundation for Health [MSH] (2004).Faith Based Health Services.(PHILADELPHIA COMMUNITY MODEL PROJECT) http://www.mffh.org/mm/files/FaithBasedHealthServices.pdfe.

Philadelphia Community model project [CMP]. (2002) The Philadelphia Story Community model project : A coalition for compassionate care. Retrieved from http://www.supportivecarecoalition.org/NR/rdonlyres/91D8475F-4DA9-45AC-84D5- 92BEC56AE578/0/PhilStory.pdf.

Online Course Text: W.K. Kellogg Foundation. (2004). Logic model development guide. Battle Creek, MI: Author. Retrieved from http://ww2.wkkf.org/default.aspx?tabid=101&CID=281&CatID=281&ItemID=2813669&NID=20&LanguageID=0.

Web site: The Evaluation Logic Model http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/amod/logicmod.html Harvard School of Public Health hosts this site. It visually demonstrates an evaluation logic model and notes how logic models "reflect a systems view of behavior."

Web site: CDC Evaluation Working Group: Logic Model Resources http://www.cdc.gov/eval/resources.htm#logic%20model

Supplemental Course Text: Novick, L. F., Morrow, C. B., & Mays, G. P. (2008). Public health administration (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett..Chapter 18, "Evaluation of Public Health Interventions�Figure 18-8 on page 534 of this chapter provides an example of a completed logic model, this one for public health preparedness.

Online course: Enhancing Program Performance with Logic Models http://www.uwex.edu/ces/lmcourse/ Work through this two-module course to learn more about logic models. An example of using a logic model for designing a community nutrition program is presented. Module 1: Logic Model Basics Section 1: What Is a Logic Model Section 2: More about Outcomes Section 3: More about Your Program "Logic" Section 4: What Does a Logic Model Look Like Section 5: How Do I Draw a Logic Model.Section 6: How Good Is My Logic Model Section 7: Using Logic Models in Evaluation: Indicators and Measures.

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