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    International Nuclear Regulation

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    Just looking for some explanations to learn more about each of these. References needed and appreciated. If the deadline looks acceptable to you, please let me know and I will select you as my only expert.

    1. Briefly describe the structure and functioning of the IAEA.

    2. Briefly describe the obligations of the NPT on countries that are signatory to the treaty. In
    particular, summarize the safeguards obligations under Article III of the NPT, the goals and
    mission.

    3. Describe the different types of safeguards agreements between the IAEA and States depending on
    whether they are a nuclear weapon state or a non-nuclear weapon state and whether they are a
    signatory to the NPT (or not).

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    Solution Preview

    1. Briefly describe the structure and functioning of the IAEA.

    In reference to the structure of the IAEA, the structure is predicated upon the "General Conference", which represents all members of the IAEA, and each member has a vote. The General Conference is required to meet once a year in Vienna, and they are mandated to elect 22 members to represent the Conference's Board of Governors. The 22 members rotate on a two year basis and are responsible for approving the IAEA's annual report to submit to the UN. In addition, the Board of Governors is also responsible for approving budget recommendations as well as appointing the director-general who is responsible for approving ensuring that the IAEA adheres to UN agreements with other UN organizations.

    The 35 member Board that is comprised of members from the signee states is bestowed the authority to carry out the functions of the IAEA, and these functions are determined five times a year when the Governing Board meets. There are geographic requirements that mandate board members must be chosen from Latin America, Western Europe, Africa, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, South Asia, and the Pacific as well as the United States of America. In reference to the director's general role, he or she is considered as the head of the organization wherein the director general is the chief administrative employee but does not have veto powers or the autonomy to operate independently or outside of the strict scrutiny of other board members. Ultimately, the director general is beholden to the Board of Governors as they control whether the decisions issued by the director general in regard to appointments, organization, and functioning for the organization.

    The IAEA does not "report" to outside agencies as it has the autonomy to engage in international activities that are dedicated to ensuring the ...

    Solution Summary

    International nuclear regulation is examined. A structure and functioning of the IAEA is examined.

    $2.19