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Regulation of pH of body fluids

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Compare and contrast the three mechanisms that regulate the pH of body fluids.
In the response, include references to consult for graphics that will better inform the reader on the processes discussed.

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Solution Summary

This solution explains renal, respiratory, and buffer mechanisms for regulation of the pH of body fluids.

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The pH of body fluids is tightly regulated through regulation of blood pH, between 7.35 to 7.45 under normal circumstances. The body tends to restore pH to this optimal level when the pH changes due to diet or pathological conditions. There are three mechanisms that bring this about.

The first is respiratory control. The body continually produces carbon dioxide as a waste product in oxidative metabolism. Carbon dioxide tends to acidify the blood as carbonic acid and ...

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