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    Fluids and Electrolytes

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    1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
    A the client has no blood hydrogen ions
    B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
    C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

    2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a compensatory response?
    A decreased arterial blood ph
    B increased arterial blood bicarbonate
    C Decreased arterial blood carbon dioxide

    3. What acid base problem could result if a client being mechanically ventilated is ventilated at too high a rate of breaths per minute?
    A acid deficit alkalosos
    B acid excess acidosis
    C base deficit acidosis

    4. What condition is likely to have resulted in the arterial blood gas values listed below. PH- 7.12 HCO3- 22meq/L, PCO2- 65mmHg, PO2- 56mmHg
    A. complete tracheal obstruction suffered as a result of aspirating a hot dog
    B. anxiety-induced hyperventilation
    C. diarrhea for 36 hours

    5. Which acid base problem is most likely to develop in a person prescribed to take Lasix for hypertension?
    A. acid excess respiratory acidosis
    B. acid deficit respiratory alkalosos
    C. acid deficit metabolic alkalosis

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 12:33 am ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/health-sciences/topics-in-health-and-wellness/fluids-electrolytes-296744

    Solution Preview

    Fluids and Electrolytes
    1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
    A the client has no blood hydrogen ions

    B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
    (The normal pH range for arterial gas pH is 7.35-7.45. Beyond 7.45, the patient is alkalemic - excess of OH- or deficiency in H+)

    C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

    2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a ...

    Solution Summary

    Fluids and Electrolytes are studied.

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