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Fluids and Electrolytes

1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
A the client has no blood hydrogen ions
B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a compensatory response?
A decreased arterial blood ph
B increased arterial blood bicarbonate
C Decreased arterial blood carbon dioxide

3. What acid base problem could result if a client being mechanically ventilated is ventilated at too high a rate of breaths per minute?
A acid deficit alkalosos
B acid excess acidosis
C base deficit acidosis

4. What condition is likely to have resulted in the arterial blood gas values listed below. PH- 7.12 HCO3- 22meq/L, PCO2- 65mmHg, PO2- 56mmHg
A. complete tracheal obstruction suffered as a result of aspirating a hot dog
B. anxiety-induced hyperventilation
C. diarrhea for 36 hours

5. Which acid base problem is most likely to develop in a person prescribed to take Lasix for hypertension?
A. acid excess respiratory acidosis
B. acid deficit respiratory alkalosos
C. acid deficit metabolic alkalosis

Solution Preview

Fluids and Electrolytes
1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
A the client has no blood hydrogen ions

B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
(The normal pH range for arterial gas pH is 7.35-7.45. Beyond 7.45, the patient is alkalemic - excess of OH- or deficiency in H+)

C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a ...

Solution Summary

Fluids and Electrolytes are studied.

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