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Fluids and Electrolytes

1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
A the client has no blood hydrogen ions
B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a compensatory response?
A decreased arterial blood ph
B increased arterial blood bicarbonate
C Decreased arterial blood carbon dioxide

3. What acid base problem could result if a client being mechanically ventilated is ventilated at too high a rate of breaths per minute?
A acid deficit alkalosos
B acid excess acidosis
C base deficit acidosis

4. What condition is likely to have resulted in the arterial blood gas values listed below. PH- 7.12 HCO3- 22meq/L, PCO2- 65mmHg, PO2- 56mmHg
A. complete tracheal obstruction suffered as a result of aspirating a hot dog
B. anxiety-induced hyperventilation
C. diarrhea for 36 hours

5. Which acid base problem is most likely to develop in a person prescribed to take Lasix for hypertension?
A. acid excess respiratory acidosis
B. acid deficit respiratory alkalosos
C. acid deficit metabolic alkalosis

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Solution Preview

Fluids and Electrolytes
1. The patient has a blood arterial gas ph of 7.48. How should the nurse intrepret this clients acid base status?
A the client has no blood hydrogen ions

B the client has a deficit in the blood hydrogen ion concentration
(The normal pH range for arterial gas pH is 7.35-7.45. Beyond 7.45, the patient is alkalemic - excess of OH- or deficiency in H+)

C the client has an excess in the blood hydrogen ion concentration

2. The client has severe respiratory impairment, what alterations in acid base balance could be expected as a ...

Solution Summary

Fluids and Electrolytes are studied.

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