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CNS disorder

Select and explore CNS pathology. Describe the regions of the brain believed to be associated with this condition.
Discuss the anatomy/physiology of the pathologic process you have selected. Specifically focus on how normal anatomy/physiology has been altered to present the disease state you have selected. Be sure to include the brain regions and neurotransmitters potentially involved.

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Multiple Sclerosis

Introduction

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes a progressive loss and destruction of myelin sheaths of neurons in the CNS. The disease affected about 350,000 people in the United States and 2 million people worldwide. It usually begins at the age of 20 - 40, affecting females twice as often as males. MS occurs most common in whites, less common in Blacks, and very rare in Asians. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system attack the myelin sheaths of the CNS. (1, 2) The damage to the myelin sheaths cause communication interference between the brain, spinal cord, and other areas of your body.

Anatomical Pathology
The name of the condition describes its anatomical pathology. In multiple regions, the myelin sheaths deteriorate to scleroses, which are hardened scars or plaques. Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI) studies reveal many plaques in the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. (1) The central nervous system ...

Solution Summary

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes a progressive loss and destruction of myelin sheaths of neurons in the CNS. The disease affected about 350,000 people in the United States and 2 million people worldwide.

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