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Multiple Sclerosis MS

You will select and explore a behavioral condition or other CNS pathology. In the book, Neurobehavioral Anatomy on your ebrary bookshelf, you will find chapters that investigate various behavioral pathologies. I recommend beginning here to find your topic.

Additional topics may include:


Post-traumatic stress disorder

Multiple sclerosis


Describe the regions of the brain believed to be associated with this condition.
Discuss the anatomy/physiology of the pathologic process you have selected. Specifically focus on how normal anatomy/physiology has been altered to present the disease state you have selected.

Required reading

Select "Ebrary"from Trident's Online Library website:

You will find the readings on the Anatomy and Physiology I Ebrary bookshelf which can be accessed via this link as well:

Ebrary bookshelf (folder):

Bobick, J and Balaban, N. "Nervous System." Handy Anatomy Answer Book. Visible Ink Press. MI, USA. 2008. eISBN: 9781578592326

Brooks, Arthur. "Nervous System." Systems of Our Body. Global Media. Delhi, India. 2007. eISBN: 9788189940829

Keynes, Richard D. Aidley, David J. "Chapter 1: Structural organization of the nervous system" Nerve and Muscle. Cambridge University Press, West Nyack, NY, USA. 2001. eISBN: 9781139147064

Filley, C. "Chapter 1: Behaviour and the Brain," Neurobehavioral Anatomy. University Press of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA. 2011 eISBN: 9781607320999

Solution Preview

CNS disorder chosen:

Multiple Sclerosis


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes a progressive loss and destruction of myelin sheaths of neurons in the CNS. The disease affected about 350,000 people in the United States and 2 million people worldwide. It usually begins at the age of 20 - 40, affecting females twice as often as males. MS occurs most common in whites, less common in Blacks, and very rare in Asians. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system attack the myelin sheaths of the CNS. (1, 2) The damage to the myelin sheaths cause communication interference between the brain, spinal cord, and other areas of your body.

Anatomical Pathology
The name of the condition describes its anatomical pathology. In multiple regions, the myelin sheaths deteriorate to scleroses, which are hardened scars or plaques. Magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI) studies reveal many plaques in the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. (1) The central ...

Solution Summary

Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating genetic disease in which the body's own immune system attacks and eats away the protective sheath (myelin) that covers the axons of the nerves. This cause damage to the myelin sheaths that slows down the nerve conduction and interfere with the communication between the brain, spinal cords, and other parts of the body. MS can cause the deterioration of nerves, which is irreversible. Symptoms may include the loss of the ability to speak or walk. MS has no cure. However, treatment may help manage the symptoms and stop the progression of the disease.