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Anatomy/Physiology of Synovial Joints

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Describe the structure and function of the following structures or tissues in relation to a synovial joint: Ligament, tendon, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, bursa.

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Solution Summary

This solution explores the anatomy and physiology of synovial joints.

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The following information is taken from "Principles of Anatomy and Physiology" by Tortora and Grabowski (8th edition).

All synovial joints have a space, called the synovial cavity, that separates the articulating bones. In addition, such joints have "articular cartilage" -- of the hyaline type -- it covers the surfaces of the articulating bones but does not bind the bones together. It reduces friction at the joint when the bones move and helps absorb shock.

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