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Fungi, Candida infections and Athlete's Foot

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3. Some fungi have played very prominent roles in history. Write a paragraph (250 words approx) about each of the following events. Identify the fungus involved.
a. Irish Potato Famine
b. Witches of Salem

4. Candida (yeast) infections often occur when an individual is taking antibiotics. Explain why this is so.
5. What causes athlete's foot? How is it treated? Why is penicillin ineffective against this organism?

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I hope these help.

Irish Potato Famine

The statistics regarding this are awe inspiring and explain for the diaspora of the Irish Nation to countless other countries particularly in the U.K and America. Even now a century and a half later the ramifications are still evident in the lack of development during the industrial age and the low population level, particularly in Southern Ireland, Eire.

The fungus involved phytopthora infestans (Phytophthora infestans) caused the failure of the potatoe crop not just for one harvest but for several successive harvests, the potato was the main in many communities the only source of carbohydrate/ nutrition for people. There was widespread famine and countless fatalities. Estimates suggest between 1846 and 1849 about 12% of the population (1,000,000) were killed and a further 1,000,00 people took the choice of fleeing the country to avoid starvation.

There were two further exacerbating problems
1. the population relied on monoculture
2. there was a limitation on the number of strains of potato that were used so there was a lack of genetic variation.

The fungus was particularly effective in damp cool conditions aerial parts of the plant i.e parts above the surface, stems and leaves become infected this causes loss of turgour within the leaves and stems a collapse of the plant and a s a consequence a failure of the plant to make the essential food reserves that are translocated down the stem ...

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The following posting discusses fungi, Candida infections and Athlete's Foot.

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Fungi

What is the largest living organism and how big is it?
A. Giant Sequoia, 389 Feet
B. Great Blue Whale, 155 Feet
C. Aspergillis, 4 Sq miles
D. Armillaria; 30 acres

Name a fungus like wildflower.
A. Monotropa
B. Shining Orchis
C.Staphinopolis
D. Rudibeckia

What are the 3 body forms of Lichens?
A. Crustose, Foliose, Fruticose
B. Mold, fungus, Lichen
C. Mushroom, Puffball, Bracket
D. Curly, Larry, Moe

How do stinkhorn fungi attract spore disseminators?
A. Taste
B .Smell
C. Coloration
D. Hormones

Why did Beatrix Potter NOT attend the reading of her paper on Lichens to the Linnean
Society in 1897?
A. She had learned that her findings were really bogus, Dude!!
B. She died only 2 days before its reading
C. She was sick and could not make the meeting
D. She didn't have scientific credentials and wasn't allowed at the presentation

Who first recognized the lichen as an association of two different organisms?
A. Brown
B. Potter
C. Pasteur
D. Dickinson

Where does Pilobolus live?
A. Dog Vomit
B. Mule Rectums
C. Sheep dung
D. cow dung

Who first published the news of the germ killing power of penicillin?
A. Newsweek
B. The Journal "Science"
C. Jacob Rockerfeller
D. Alexander Fleming

On what was Penicillium chrysogenum discovered?
A. A Canteloupe
B. A Fresh Orange
C. A Duck's Back
D. Bread Mold

Where does Peziza vesiculosa grow?
A. Feet bottoms
B. Armpits
C. Airplane Propellers
D. Compost heaps and on cardboard left on the ground

What drug, made by a fungus, is crucial to the success of transplant operations?
A. Aspergillus
B. Cyclosporine
C. Penicillin
D. Streptomycin

What was the original source of Asprin?
A. Bread Mold
B. Willow Bark
C. Acorns
D. dog Vomit Fungus

What is the most common way of preparing the caterpillar fungus for consumption?
A. Slice and boil for 3 hours to rid it of poison, then use as any normal mushroom
B. DON"T it is poisonous
C. stuff a duck with it after boiling the duck in hot water
D. Slice and sautee in butter for 1 minute

What are Earth Stars related to?
A. Bracket fungi
B. Puffballs
C. Bread Mold
D. Truffels

What term means using one living organism to kill or control another?
A. Pesticides
B. Herbicides
C. Symbiosis
D. Biocontrol

How is Ergotamine useful?
A. Can give a person extra strength and endurance
B. Can control many bacterial infections
C. Give you a "High".
D. Relieves migraine pain, stimulates uterine contraction during childbirth, and prevents hemorrhaging

What is a Mushroom?
A. The "Flower" of the mold.
B. An above ground, short lived reproductive body
C. The structure that produces the sexual spores for the fungus
D. The structure to protect Leprechauns

What 2 diseases can be caused by Candida albicans?
A. Thrush, yeast infections
B. Athletes foot and yeast infections
C. Ringworm and Thrush
D. Ringworm and Athletes foot

What animals are most often used to sniff out Truffels?
A. Cats and Dogs
B. Dogs and Pigs
C. Dogs and Goats
D. Cats and Goats

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