Discuss the differences and similarities between bacteria and fungi. Include a comparison of size, cell type, reproduction, mode of deriving food, and good versus bad effects on other organisms and the environment. Be sure to give specific examples of good and bad bacteria and fungi including their scientific names.
Bacteria and fungi have some similarities, but many differences. All bacteria are single-celled, though some live as colonies or complex groups called "biofilms." Fungi are sometimes found as single-celled organisms, for example, yeast, but are most often multicellular. Bacteria are a type of small, simple cell called prokaryotes. Prokaryotes have no defined nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles. Fungi, conversely, are eukaryotes. Eukaryotes have nuclei and membrane-bound organelles.
Bacteria reproduce by means of binary fission, in which the genetic material replicates, and the cell then divides into two separate cells. This is asexual reproduction, when only one cell contributes to the genetic ...
The solution discusses the differences and similarities between bacteria and fungi.