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    Concept map of antimicrobials

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    Draw a concept map using the words in the list below. Then write a paragraph summarizing your map - it should be clear from your summary that you understand the meaning and significance of each term on the list, and where it fits into the overall concept.

    (Your diagram may take any form - flow chart, circle diagram with a central theme and others radiating out from it, etc - as long as it shows how the terms relate to each other and to the main idea. The only unacceptable format is a list of definitions)

    Word List:

    Cell wall
    Protein synthesis
    DNA Replication & Transcription
    Penicillin G
    Amphotericin B
    Broad spectrum
    Narrow spectrum

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    Solution Preview

    An antimicrobial is a substance that kills or inhibits the growth of microbes such as bacteria (antibacterial activity) known as antibiotics, fungi (antifungal activity), viruses (antiviral activity), or parasites (anti-parasitic activity). An antibiotic is a drug that kills or prevents the growth of bacteria. They have no effect against viruses, fungi, or parasites. Antibiotics can be categorized based on their target specificity: "narrow-spectrum" antibiotics target particular types of bacteria, such as Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacteria, while broad-spectrum antibiotics affect a larger range of bacteria. They either attach DNA replication and transcription, or cell wall synthesis or protein synthesis.

    Antibiotics attacking cell wall:

    Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic used in the prophylaxis and treatment of infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Vancomycin acts by inhibiting proper cell wall synthesis in Gram-positive bacteria. It has a narrow spectrum antibiotic.

    Penicillin (sometimes abbreviated PCN) refers to a group of beta-lactam antibiotics used in the treatment of bacterial infections ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution explains antimicrobials by including each of the words listed and discussing how they are related to each other and the overall concept. The concept map is included in an attached Word file.