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Sociology of National Development

1. What is revolution? Explain with example.

2. Explain the major causes of revolution. Provide examples.

3. Why many revolutionary changes have not led democracy? Explain.

4. Under what circumstances, if any, might military government be a good thing for the country?

5. Why do most political sciences have a negative new of military rule in the LDCs.

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Sociology of Developing Countries

1. What is revolution? Explain with example.

A revolution (Latin root is revolutio - to 'turn around') is an event that creates and drives fundamental change in the political, social or organizational system; all these happens within a rather shot period of time. Consider for example the very recent Arab Spring. The events in Tunisia that brought Tunisians citizens in the streets to drive out long-time dictator Ben Ali was a revolution. So was the Egyptian Revolution that saw so many Egyptians from all social classes come together and converge in Tahrir Square demanding for political change. Mubarak Tried to hold on for weeks but eventually, his mandate having been taken from him by the people due to the actions of the military, he had no choice but to step down. This was made possible by the opinion released by the wider world, providing support to the revolutionaries. The supposed revolution in Libya to unseat long-time dictator Muammar Qaddafi however saw Qaddafi deploy his mostly-foreign mercenaries to target the revolutionaries who found a political and revolutionary seat in Benghazi. The resulting clashes turned to Civil War and ...

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