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    Victimology and its Impact

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    Give a definition of victimology.
    What is the history of victimology, and how has it developed?
    Explain how it is different from criminology, sociology, or psychology.
    Who established the first safe houses for battered women? Where and when were these safe houses established?
    Who established the first rape crisis centers? Where and when were these centers established?
    How has the Civil Rights movement contributed to antidiscrimination efforts and the establishment of hate crime legislation and policy?
    What role have children's rights groups played in highlighting the problems that child victims face in the criminal justice system?
    Which organizations might she contact that provide specific advocacy for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, and homicide?
    What services are not provided by government crime compensation programs?
    Explain the need for all states to require mandatory reporting by religious organizations of child abuse by clergy.
    How can the media be used to affect change in states that do not yet require mandatory reporting?
    Research the clergy abuse in a state of your choice, and answer the following:
    If mandatory reporting exists, how long has this been a requirement? What organizations are involved in tracking and helping the victims with this type of abuse?
    If mandatory reporting does not exist, what alternative processes exist for reporting clergy abuse?

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    Solution Preview

    1. Give a definition of victimology: In essence, victimology can be defined as the relationship between victim and justice system, in relation to how victims are interpreted within a social, legal and political context: examples can include within the media and in the work place (Elias, 1986).

    2. The history of victimology and its development: From its latin roots, victimology is adapted from the term "victima" (Webster's, 1971), whereby it consequently developed into a psycho-social science in the 1950s (Mendelsohn, 1976). Importantly, it should be recognised that victimology and victim support gained strength at different times, with victim support largely beginning on national scales in the 1970s, while the theoretical framework of victimology had been discussed more extensively earlier. This is key to its development, as the concept transitioned from theory to practice.

    3. The difference between victimology and criminology, sociology and psychology: Principally, the central difference is that victimology is a compartmentalised idea within all three larger concepts. Victimology is also able to cross the border of legal and political affairs to ...

    Solution Summary

    This response has focused on the development and construction of victimology and victim support, utilising examples from the UK and US to underline many of the processes undertaken to further enforce both its theoretical context and practicality