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Theory of Victimology and Resources

Grace, the chief attorney (CA), asks you to draft a report that she will use in her presentation to the county commission. Her goal is to keep the victim witness assistant positions, which currently exist and increase the number of these positions in the future. She knows that providing victim advocacy is a relatively new concept to the criminal justice system and that the commissioners are not familiar with the concept that the criminal justice system should take a more active role with victims.

Grace needs you to provide information including:

Definition of victimology
Its history and how it has developed
Explain how its different from criminology, sociology, or psychology
Who established the first safe houses for battered women, as well as where and when these safe-houses were established?
Who established the first rape crisis centers, as well as where and when these centers were established?
How has the civil rights movement contributed to anti-discrimination efforts and the establishment of hate crime legislation and policy?
The role children's rights groups have played in highlighting the problems child victims face in the criminal justice system
which organizations she might contact that provide specific advocacy for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, and homicide.

Solution Preview

Definition of victimology:
Victimology is an academic methodical theory that generally studies the ways in which the actions of crime victims contribute to their victimization and not only tells us who the victims were and their health and personal history, but also provides ideas as to why they were chosen as victims. Victimology generally denotes any person, group, or entity who has suffered injury or loss due to illegal activity such as rape, assault, etc. The harm can be physical, psychological, or economic. This includes events leading to the victimization, the victim's experience, its aftermath and the actions taken by society in response to these victimizations. In numerous circumstances, the offender will refrain from attacking a person until he finds one that meets his needs such as a fantasy or desire. The way the victim is chosen is important and gives an insight into how the offender thinks, which subsequently affects how the offender acts. The victim has traditionally been ignored as a component of the crime. For more information, visit: http://www.unafei.or.jp/english/pdf/RS_No70/No70_12VE_Dussich.pdf
I received some of my information from this site.

Its history and how it has developed:
Victimology was the study of crime from the perspective of the victim but has evolved into a more defined criterion. The scientific study of victimology can be traced back to the mid-1900s with Criminologists Mendelsohn and Von Hentig. The men began to explore the field of victimology and are considered the "fathers of the study of victimology." The men interviewed victims to obtain information and studied victims of homicide. Their research led them to believe that most victims had an "unconscious aptitude for being victimized." Further the men held that there are several types of people to whom aggressors take the most advantage of such as a victim who is a depressed person is an easy target because they may be careless and unsuspecting. The "greedy type" is easily played with because his or her motivation for easy gain lowers his or her natural tendency to be suspicious. Juvenile victims are also known as the wanton type particularly vulnerable to stresses that occur at a given period of time throughout life. The oppressor or tormentor ...

Solution Summary

Victimology is an academic methodical theory that generally studies the ways in which the actions of crime victims contribute to their victimization and not only tells us who the victims were and their health and personal history, but also provides ideas as to why they were chosen as victims. Criminology is the scientific study of behavioral sciences and causes and control of criminal behavior in society and within individuals. Criminology also somewhat focuses on governmental regulations of crimes. Sociology is the study of society through investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity. Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior.

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