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Sociological Perspective

Please offer insights and guidance into these questions:

1. Determine the types of behaviors that distinguish high culture and the types of behaviors that distinguish pop culture.

2. Describe the sociological perspective and the forces of socialization and culture.

3. Discuss how (population density and diversity, Median household income, Percent unemployment, Percent persons in poverty, and Median home values) may shape social policies.

4. Also discuss how using the sociological perspective is an advantage in designing such policies.

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RESPONSE:

1. Determine the types of behaviors that distinguish high culture and the types of behaviors that distinguish pop culture.

High culture is the milieu of arts and sciences fostered under the European Renaissance. It is a term, now used in a number of different ways in academic discourse, whose most common meaning is the set of cultural products, mainly in the Arts, held in the highest esteem by a culture. Much of High Culture consists of the appreciation of what is sometimes called High Art. This term is rather broader than Arnold's definition and besides Literature includes Music, Visual arts, especially Painting, and traditional forms of the Performing arts, now including some Cinema. The Decorative arts would not generally be considered High art. (1)

In contrast to pop culture which is more recent (about 1960s to present), the cultural products most regarded as forming part of High culture are most likely to have been produced during past periods of High civilization, for which a large, sophisticated and wealthy urban-based society which provides a coherent & conscious aesthetic framework, and a large-scale milieu of training, and, for the visual arts, sourcing materials and financing work. All this is so that the artist is able, as near as possible, to realize his creative potential with as few as possible practical and technical constraints. Although the Western concept of High Culture naturally concentrates on the Graeco-Roman tradition, and its resumption from the Renaissance onwards, it would normally be recognised that such conditions existed in other places at other times. A tentative list of High

Cultures, or cultures producing High art, might therefore be:
· Ancient Egypt
· Ancient Greece from c650BC
· Ancient Rome from c200BC to c200AD
· China nearly continuously from c200BC
· India nearly continuously from c400BC
· Byzantium
· Islamic Persia
· The Arab world
· Japan from about 1,000AD
· Europe from the 14th century on (1)

In contrast, popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, (literally: "the culture of the people") consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. Such elements are perpetuated through that society's vernacular language or an established lingua franca. It comprises the daily interactions, needs and desires and cultural 'moments' that make up the everyday lives of the mainstream. It can include any number of practices, including those pertaining to cooking, clothing, consumption, mass media and the many facets of entertainment such as sports and literature. (2)

Thus, popular culture often contrasts with a more exclusive, even elitist "high culture." (3)
Pop culture finds its expression in the mass circulation of items from areas such as fashion, music, sport and film. The world of pop culture had a particular influence on art from the early 1960s, through Pop Art. (2)

2. Describe the sociological perspective and the forces of ...

Solution Summary

Referring to the sociological perspective, this solution determined the types of behaviors that distinguish high culture and the types of behaviors that distinguish pop culture. It described the sociological perspective and the forces of socialization and culture, and also discusses how (population density and diversity, Median household income, Percent unemployment, Percent persons in poverty, and Median home values) it may shape social policies. Finally, it discusses how using the sociological perspective is an advantage in designing such policies.

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