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How might argumentation differ in the classroom, daily life, and your job? To demonstrate this, select a position from a current event with which you are familiar. How would you argue this position in the classroom, daily life, and on the job? Would you use different supporting evidence to make your argument?

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones


Argumentation & Presentation of Positions

An argument in logic is a set of declarative sentences referred to as premises supporting or driving one to a certain conclusion or position. In an argument, a situation that drives conflict or contention is presented. Usually it takes place between two or more people or between groups. But this is not always the case because we even argue with 'ourselves' when we reflect or meditate upon things and matters that interest us or affect us. From previous information and experience we 'weigh' the sides of an argument, premises that come in conflict with each other. The rational action to do is to employ logic which is usually the case with decision-makers as well as matters that are of a formal nature (think of a lawyer making sense of an offer of the court or of an offer of settlement to his client - the lawyer here assessing the pros and cons arriving on premises that will help him reach a decision). Usually however, for matters personal and intimate, rationality is rule by emotion and the unconscious (Freud refers to this as the id) dependent on the kind of personality and upbringing we have. In the classroom we are encouraged by our scientific and critical training to argue according to logic and reason - meaning whatever position we take or conclusion we make it is supported by valid premises. The language we are encouraged and taught to use is formal as in a debate or a defense of a research conclusion (as in thesis defense). Daily life argumentation depends on the environment we are in. In school in front of teachers or at work with colleagues the language and positions depend on the situation. If, for example we are arguing with colleagues in a formal meeting on a strategic plan with regards to the direction the company takes, the language used in formal, the thought process creative and rational and speech is informed by the code of ethics of the profession or the organization. While the language may not be as formal in the ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses argumentation and discourse and how they differ at a professional and personal level in different social situations, the classroom, daily life, at work, etc. dependent upon ones' position, status and role. To do so, a sample argument is presented and they are thus argued from said positions using formal and informal language accordingly. References are listed both web and print. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.