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Critical-Thinking Community View

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Explain the similarities and differences between how the lay public and the critical-thinking community view argument. Then explain the implications for public discourse.

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Solution Summary

This solution compares the critical thinking community to the non-critical thinking community. It explains the similarities and differences between the two comunities, and how each community views argumentation. Next. it discusses the implications for discourse.

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(1) Give the similarities and differences between how the lay public and the critical thinking community view argument.

Critical thinking is a higher order thinking skill which consists of evaluating, interpreting, analyzing, and making inferences as well as an explanation of evidence, upon which judgments are made (Helsdingen, van Gog, & van Merriënboer, 2011). Critical thinking requires that there be an understanding of what is being proposed. On the other hand, argument is meant to build a cohesive, logical communication of ideas that justifies one's thinking (Schommer-Aikins & Easter, 2009, p. 118).

(A) Critical thinking-similarities

- Critical thinking skills are reflective of a self-evaluation tool that leads to effective organization.
- Strategies on the development of critical thinking skills includes: (a) thinking that is clear, precise, accurate, logical and consistent, and (b) thinking that reflects a controlled sense of skepticism or disbelief of any assertion, clear or conclusion until sufficient reasoning is provided (Allen, Berkowitz, Hunt & Louden, 1999).
- Critical thinking is based on beliefs that reflect existing information and ideas, and thinking that is a biased and one sided (Allen ei al, p. 18).

(B) Argumentation-similarities

- The willingness to argue is associated with ...

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