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Ethnic Conflict: Northern Ireland & Rwanda

Classify the aspects of ethnic division in Northern Ireland and what changes have provided for a lessening of this division. Could this be applied to Rwanda? Why or why not?

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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Northern Ireland's Troubles

It began in the late 60's lasting, officially, into 1998 (via the Belfast Good Friday Agreement) although conflict still brewed between the Catholics and the Protestants until the disbandment of Sinn Fein/IRA in the mid-2000's but feelings between parties at times would spill into sporadic violence due to deeply felt divisions. The issue at heart is political divided by affiliation into faith. The constitutional status of Northern Ireland (as a member or territory of the United Kingdom) is something the unionist Protestant groups and the nationalist Catholic groups cannot agree upon, spilling into violence. The violence of the political divide was put into play by paramilitaries on both sides. The Republic of Ireland in the South is accused of supporting the nationalist, Catholic group while the UK openly supported, as part of it's national security concern, the Protestant unionist political group. Lasting 3 decades, the troubles took around 3,524 lives (Cain, 2008) above the casualties. While the conflict began in the 60's, the ...

Solution Summary

The ethnic divisions that have plagued Northern Ireland that have always led to conflict is studied and discussed in this solution; the changes that have led to lessening of divisions is given focus in particular and discussed for their applicability n the case of Rwanda. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic. A word version of the solution is also attached.