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Cognitive Psychology: Reasoning and Problem Solving

1.Why is problem solving considered the highest level of mental activity? What makes an individual skillful at solving problems? Explain your answer.

2.What are the different types of reasoning? In what type of circumstance would you use inductive reasoning? Explain why. In what type of circumstance would you use deductive reasoning? Explain why.

I need help in answering these questions can you give me an example?

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1.Why is problem solving considered the highest level of mental activity? What makes an individual skillful at solving problems? Explain your answer.

Problem solving relates to cognitive processes. Cognition refers to the way the mind grasps information and then processes that information through various functions such as thinking, learning, remembering, problem solving, etc...This process in itself is the highest level of mental activity. Therefore, in order to be skillful at solving problems an individual must be able to perform various cognitive tasks. Cognitive tasks can be simple, complex, and ...

Solution Summary

In this solution, reasoning and problem solving processes are emphasized.

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