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Cognitive science: Neuroscience and Philosophy

Please enlighten me on the major factors which affect reasoning performance, also describe and evaluate the main theoretical accounts of human reasoning performance, distinguishing between logical and non logical and illogical processes in reasoning. What is watson's 4 card selection task and key research findings relating to it please?

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Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence, embracing philosophy, psychology, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. Cognitive science has unifying theoretical ideas from all these fields.

One of the major theory on reasoning ability in our species is known as a line of research labeled connectionist theories and neural networks. According to this the theories presented under this line of research, human mind processes contextual information just like a computer processor does.

Also, learning and reasoning processes of cognitive processes are modeled using advanced mathematical techniques from statistical estimation leading the human mind to its optimal level of performance based on logical advancement on a given task or a set of tasks.

The cards that you should turn over are the E and the 7. If the E does not have an even number or the 7 has a vowel ...