1) Describe in detail and explain the difference between the freelance and business models. Respond in no less than 200 words
2) Describe the four major methods of apprehension used by law enforcement in street level drug law enforcement, including any criticisms of these methods. Respond in no less than 250 words.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 7:36 am ad1c9bdddf
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. In this particular task, you are asking for help in putting together descriptions of certain concepts in substance abuse. I suggest using this simple outline:
1. Typologies of Illegal Drug Markets
a. Freelance - 100 words
b. Business - 100 words
2. Methods of Apprehension (300 words)
a. Hot-Spots Policing
b. Raids on Drug-Using Places/Special Operations
c. Undercover Operations
d. Search & Seizures (including assets)
Take note that there are a number of strategies - these have been randomly chosen largely because of their observability. I have come to conclude that this is a 'criminology' or forensic element to your studies and as such utilised sources from this field to help you. Just let me know via the feedback section if you need further clarification. You can also use the listed resources to further explore the topic. Good luck with your studies!
AE 105878/Xenia Jones
Substance Abuse Enforcement Issues
Inspite of the efforts by law enforcement agencies to stop/stem the flow of illegal substances, illegal drugs distribution and the black market that facilitates it is thriving in the US, and around the world. The profits from illegal drugs is extremely attractive for criminal organizations as the retail value came up to US$320 billion for the year 2003 alone (Insulza, 2013). In the US alone, Insulza reports that, "U.S. sales accounting for some $34 billion out of a global retail cocaine market of about $85 billion." The supply chain in the US according to Insulza (2013), "tends not to be vertically integrated; however, Mexican drug trafficking organizations do control much of international smuggling and U.S. wholesale drug markets, and are increasingly purchasing cocaine in South America," where those behind the cartels in the trade have found means to utilize current monetary systems to 'clean' and 'smuggle' the profits. Insulza (2013) adds, "Money laundering drags legal economic agents into illegal activities. It generates grey areas in which apparently legal players take part in clearly illegal actions." Below, I have listed 2 types of illegal drugs 'market' systems currently in use according to experts.
1. The Freelance Market ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advice on different types of illegal drugs markets/business and the methods used in their apprehension. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic. A word-version is also attached.