Explore BrainMass

Predictive Policing

This content was STOLEN from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

I need help with the following assignment, any suggestions as to what will have the most imapact will be greatly appreciated:

The following resources may be helpful in completing this assignment:

Goode, E. (2011, August 15). Sending the police before there's a crime. Retrievable here. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/16/us/16police.html

Pearsall, B. (2010, May). Predictive policing: The future of law enforcement? National Institute of Justice Journal, 266. Retrievable here. http://www.nij.gov/nij/journals/266/predictive.htm

Predictive Policing Symposium (2010). Retrievable here. http://www.nij.gov/nij/topics/law-enforcement/strategies/predictive-policing/symposium/welcome.htm

Shurkin, J. N. (2011, September 13). Santa Cruz cops experiment with 'predictive policing'. Retrievable here.http://idealab.talkingpointsmemo.com/2011/09/santa-cruz-cops-experiment-with-predictive-policing.php

Willis, J. J., Mastrofski, S. D., & Weisburd, D. (2003). Compstat in practice: An in-depth analysis of three cities. Police Foundation. Retrievable here. http://www.policefoundation.org/pdf/compstatinpractice.pdf

In 1994, the New York City Police Department adopted a law enforcement crime fighting strategy known as COMPSTAT (COMPuter STATistics). COMPSTAT uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to map the locations of where crimes occur, identify " hotspots", and map problem areas. COMPSTAT has amassed a wealth of historical crime data. Mathematicians have designed and developed algorithms that run against the historical data to predict future crimes for police departments. This is known as predictive policing. Predictive policing has led to a drop in burglaries, automobile thefts, and other crimes in some cities.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

Compare and contrast the application of information technology (IT) to optimize police departments' performance to reduce crime versus random patrols of the streets.
Describe how COMPSTAT, as an information system (IS), implements the four (4) basic IS functions:
Determine how information systems have allowed police departments that implement tools such as COMPSTAT to respond to crime faster.
Apply the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis (SWOT analysis) on behalf of police departments that intend to implement predictive policing.
Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. You may use the resources above or others of your choosing.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student's name, the professor's name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Explain how the components of an information technology system interrelate in an organizational context.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in information systems and technology.
Write clearly and concisely about topics related to information systems for decision making using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 7:06 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

The application of information technology to optimize increased performance in the reduction in crime is much more efficient and effective than random patrols in many ways, due to the fact that the use of information technology makes policing much more proactive, and the more proactive that policing is, the more effective police departments are in preventing crime and it's detrimental effects. By utilizing information technological methodologies, police effectively store a great deal of important crime data on the area of operations, which will provide them with pertinent information as to the prevalence of overall crime in different areas of their city or sector of operations, as well as the prevalence of specific kinds of crimes within that area. When this type of information is compiled and electronically stored in a manner which police leadership and individual officers can retrieve this information and analyze it effectively, then police departments would know where to focus the majority of their, based on the prevalence of primary particular area. For instance, if section a of the city produces 50% of the crime, and sections, B,C, and D of a particular city together comprise the other 50% of the crime in the city, then obviously at least half of the patrols, stationing of police officers, and surveillance, will be focus within section a. Without effectively utilizing the data provided by information technology, random patrolling with result in efficiency, which will lead to ineffectiveness. The effective utilization of information technology also provides a means by which police departments can transfer or ...

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Methods for Predicting Crime Rates

I'm not sure where to start. Please see attached file for full problem description.

John Wood works as a ranger for the Texas state police force. Lately, he has noticed an alarming trend toward higher recidivism rates by criminals in several southwestern counties in Texas. Law enforcement agencies are concerned about the escalating crime rates, and there is a growing public outcry to stem the rising tide of social disorder. Ranger Wood has been charged with the responsibility of identifying a method of predicting crime rates in anticipation of corrective action to be taken by the Texas police force. He feels that he must therefore isolate a predictive variable that might explain crime abatement, feeling that there might be a relationship between crime rates and the amount of money spent to control lawlessness. Ranger Wood therefore randomly selects 10 counties in southwest Texas and obtains monthly data for the most recent months available on the number of serious crimes in each county and the amount of money spent by the county to combat crime. The results are in the attached file.

Does it appear that Ranger Wood has uncovered a method of predicting crime rates? If Pecos County budgets $16,000 next month for law enforcement protection, what is your estimate of the number of criminal acts that might be perpetrated? The Texas legislature would like an interval estimate of county crime rates if they spend $13,000 on crime prevention in a given county. The legislators insist on 99 percent accuracy in that estimation.

View Full Posting Details