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Norm-referenced assessment

An important aspect of using a norm-referenced assessment is the degree to which the norming group is representative of the target population to be assessed. Examine reviews available for the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI-3) in the Mental Measurements Yearbook and evaluate the degree to which it would be appropriate to use this test to assess a client who has displayed problem drinking on a college campus.

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Research on the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory-3 (SASSI-3) describes it as a psychometric instrument that is designed to make inferences about substance dependence disorder. The instrument scales have 14 face valid items that reflect a relationship to substance dependence, and items related to alcohol, and other drugs. According to Miller (1988), the items on the SASSI-3 are empirically derived (Miller, 1988) based on items borrows from the Minnesota Multiphaisc Personality Inventory (Hathaway, & McKinley, 1940). The subtle items on the scale are related to a wide variety of behaviors related to health, social interaction, emotional states, preferences, needs, interests, and values. Non-subtle items are asked directly about substance abuse and its usual consequences. The Alcohol vs. Drug Scale (ALD) is intended to show whether the client prefers alcohol or other drugs. "A high score usually indicates alcohol preference and a low score indicates drug preference" (Gray, 2001, p. 103).

(1) Examine reviews available for the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI-3) in the Mental Measurements Yearbook.

In a review that Ephrem (n.d.) provides in the Mental Measurement Yearbook, Miller, he notes that Miller developed the Substance Abuse Inventory (SASSI, Miller, l988) instrument as a test of substance dependence. Substance Dependence is described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR [APA], 2000) with features of cognitive, behavioral and physiological symptoms indicating that the ...

Solution Summary

This solution examines assessment reviews in the Mental Measurement Yearbook on the Substance Abusethe utility of norm-referenced assessment in screening for Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI-3).