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A. Explain the difference between a norm-referenced assessment and criterion-referenced assessment.
B. Describe how the school district uses standardized testing. Identify the tests and what types they are norm-referenced or criterion-referenced? How do you know? What are the purposes? How is the data used?

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A. Explain the difference between a norm-referenced assessment and criterion-referenced assessment.

Norm-referenced assessments are tests in which a student's performance is determined by how well s/he does in comparison to other students. For example, all of the students taking a particular assessment are lined up, and a bell curve is constructed from the students' scores. This means that approximately 20% of the total will be at the top; 20% will be at the bottom; and, 60% will fall in the ...

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Your department was just given a new project to pilot and rollout to your organization. The project involves assembling a cross-organizational team that will be given the responsibility for reviewing different payroll systems that Faraday Enterprises can use, and choosing the best payroll system to implement.

You've chosen Susan, a salaried employee and Project Manager, to lead this effort. Her responsibilities will be to assemble the team, identify potential software products, test them, and move forward with implementing the final decision.

While you know Susan is the perfect choice to lead this project, you also know that she'll be surprised you've picked her and that she might lack the confidence to manage this project successfully.

Knowing what you do about "the self-fulfilling prophecy" and the effect it may have from Susan's point of view, write a memo introducing her to the project and the role she will lead. Be sure to build into your memo information that will help Susan correctly understand her job, and convey your confidence in her that she will succeed in leading this project.

As part of your two to three page memo, address two of the following three mental strategies and shortcuts and how they may affect the group's decision in a negative way.

The availability heuristic
The representativeness heuristic
The anchoring and adjustment heuristic

Finally, identify for Susan two or more ways in which she could improve her thinking and her group's decisions so they arrive at the best possible outcome for their project. Be sure to use APA writing style and reference notation-including citations in your written text.

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