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Methods of Assessment and Reliability

Conduct a comparison (identifying similarities and differences) between norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests, including an example of the use of each.

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Norm-referenced testing is a method that evaluates a person's test scores in relationship to the norms of other test takers; whereas criterion-referenced testing evaluates scores according to some set standard or criteria. Norm-referenced tests are based on norms [e.g., gender age, etc.], and are also referred to as standardized tests (based on a representative sample established with the norms). Criterion tests are based on assessment methods [e.g., test scores, grade levels etc.](Cohen & Swerdlik, 2005, pp. 102-110). The tests are similar in that they are used to derive meaning from scores. According to Cohen & Swerdlik, the tests are differentiated in that norm-referenced testing provide data about how an individual performs ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses the similarities and differences between norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests. Examples are provided for each test.