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The Effects of Stress on the Body and Brain

What physiological changes occur in the brain due to stress response? What emotional and cognitive effects might occur due to this stressful situation? Would the changes stemming from stress be any different if the same stress were being experiencing by a person depending sex or age? What three behavioural strategies would be implemented to reduce the effects of this stress? Describe each strategy. Explain how each behaviour could cause changes in brain physiology (e.g., exercise can raise serotonin levels). If you were encouraging an adult client to make the above changes, what ethical considerations would you have to keep in mind? How would you address those ethical considerations?

Solution Preview

Physiological changes:
Stress impacts the brain, leading to the following physiological changes:
- increases heart rate and blood pressure
- slows down your digestive processes
- decreases blood flow to your extremities and increasing it to your major muscles
- increases production of adrenaline
- increases production of cortisol

The increase in cortisol in turn causes the following physiological effects:
- proper metabolism of glucose
- regulate blood pressure
- release insulin for proper blood sugar balance
- helps body's immune system
- helps the body respond to ...

Solution Summary

This short answer discusses the stress effects on the body and the brain as well as how stress can be minimized.

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