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Stress and the Brain

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From an evolutionary perspective, short-term exposure to stress is adaptive and necessary for survival. Unfortunately, long-term exposure to stress is considered maladaptive, yet common, in Western society. Describe some adaptive effects short-term stress has on the brain versus some maladaptive effects long-term stress has on the brain.

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*Describe some adaptive effects short-term stress has on the brain versus some maladaptive effects long-term stress has on the brain.

Stress as a concept when applied to individuals can be viewed as demands on the individual that requires his or her adjustment and or coping. For example, stress consists of responses to situational factors and/or events that occur in the individuals' environment [e.g., family problems, interpersonal problems, social problems, financial problems, etc] (Pinel, 2006). Physiological responses to stress occur when the body is exposed to harm or threat. According to Pinel, all stressors, whether they are psychological (e.g., loss of a job or love one) or physiological (exposure to cold, fear, etc.) produce a pattern of physiological ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes the evolutionary perspective of the brain following exposure to stress.

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