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Learning, Memory, and Emotion

From an evolutionary perspective, short-term exposure to stress is adaptive and necessary for survival. Unfortunately, long-term exposure to stress is considered maladaptive, yet common, in Western society. Describe some adaptive effects short-term stress has on the brain versus some maladaptive effects long-term stress has on the brain.

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Carlson (2010) stated, "People's emotional reactions to adverse stimuli can harm their health. The stress response, which Cannon called the flight-or-flight response, is useful as a short-term response to threatening stimuli but harmful in the long-term" (p.611).

The maladaptive effects long-term stress has on the brain and the body include, "increased blood pressure, damage to muscle tissue, steroid diabetes, infertility, inhibition of growth, inhibition of the inflammatory responses, and suppression of the immune system" (Carlson, 2010, p. 603). ...

Solution Summary

This solution offers some adaptive effects that short-term stress has on the brain versus some maladaptive effects long-term stress has on the brain in 350 words. A reference is also provided.

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