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Study Framework on Illegal Immigration & Crime Rates

I need help in writing Significance and Framework of the study on the topic: The impact of Illegal Immigration on crime rates in South Texas: A perception study through the lenses of Immigrants and non-Immigrant (3-4 pages).

Note: The topic has been slightly modified from the impact of Border enforcement to the impact of illegal immigration.

Topic: The impact of Illegal Immigration on crime rates in South Texas: A perception study through the lenses of Immigrants and non-Immigrant


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Vaughan, J., & Camarota, S. (2009). Immigration and Crime: Assessing a Conflicted Issue: Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved from http://cis.org/ImmigrantCrime
Reid, L. W., Weiss, H. E., Adelman, R. M., & Jaret, C. (2005). The immigration-crime relationship: Evidence across US metropolitan areas. Social Science Research, 34(4), 757.
Bucerius, S. &Tonry, M. (2013).The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration.Oxford University Press.
Chacon, J. (2010)." Tensions and Trade-Offs: Protecting Trafficking Victims in the Era of Immigration Enforcement," in University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 158, 2010, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2010-19. Retrieved from https://www.law.upenn.edu/live/files/26-chacon158upalrev16092010pdf
"Overcriminalizing Immigration," in Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Volume 102, Issue 3: Symposium on Overcriminalization, Article 5. Retrieved from http://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=7434&context=jclc
Coronado, R. &Orrenius, P. (2007)."Crime on the U.S.-Mexico Border: The Effect of Undocumented Immigration and Border Enforcement, " MigracionesInternacionales, V. 4, n. 1, Juni, Mexico.Retrieved from http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S166589062007000100002
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Krauss, R. & Pardo, J. (2006)."Speaker Perception and Social Behavior: Bridging Social Psychology and Speech Science, " P. A. M. van Lange (Ed), Bridging Social Psychology: The Benefits of Transdisciplinary Approaches (pp. 273-278). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/1086119/Speaker_perception_and_social_behavior_Bridging_social_psychology_and_speech_science
Lee, M. (2003).Crime on the Border: Immigration and Homicide in Urban Communities (New Americans). LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC .
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Meissner, D., Kerwin, D., Chishti, M. & Bergeron, C. (2013).Immigration Enforcement in the United States - The Rise of a Formidable Machinery (Report in Brief). Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved fromhttp://www.migrationpolicy.org/pubs/pillars-reportinbrief.pdf
Palafox, J. (2000). "Opening Up Borderland Studies: A Review of U.S.-Mexico Border Militarization Discourse, " in Social Justice, 27:56-68. Retrieved from http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/palafox.html

Solution Preview

Illegal Immigration and Crime Rates on Border States


The issue of Border Enforcement along the Texas/Mexico border includes the supposition that said border areas are locations of highly illegal and dangerous activities that put the US nation at risk. These activities include the trade in illegal drugs and human trafficking which are seen as the main reasons behind prostitution, violence and high crime rates in the United States. My study looks towards exploring the impact border enforcement along the Texas-Mexican border has on crime rates, particularly in the socio-geographic localities connected to the border. My study is a perception study which I hope would showcase the relevance of methods and processes in social psychology in terms of mitigating and understanding today's most pressing social concerns. It is largely believed that illegal immigration is responsible for higher crime rates along the Southwest border of the United States. In comparison to other states that are far from the border, the crime rates along the Border States are higher only in certain crimes, largely property and violent crimes (Coronado & Orrenius, 2007). It has been an age-long debate that illegal immigration is positively correlated with high crime rates. Contrary to the notion that immigrants are disadvantageous to the nation, some people still believe that United States is a nation of immigrants and it is built by immigrants. The impact of immigration on crime rates has been researched by many scholars using cross sectional data and simple regression techniques. While this research will examine the differences in perception of immigrants and non-immigrants towards border enforcement and crime rates, its major focus will be on the impact that illegal immigration has on crime rates. The argument on illegal immigration is plentiful with pundits on both sides presenting logical arguments. The truth is however, the US Border Patrol apprehends thousands of illegal immigrants crossing into the US (FAIR, 2014) violating American law. From a socio-legal standpoint, illegal immigration, according to FAIURS is not a victimless crime.

Problem Statement

Orrenius and Coronado (2005) wrote that illegal immigration's impact on crime is not yet fully understood. The presumption that illegal immigration can lead to higher crime rates does not present a well understood socio-cultural construct of the problems that Border Enforcement supposes to address and the impact of a highly policed border region in relation to the perception of the people populating the area, their behavior and response towards immigration control. In other words the casual linking of crime to illegal immigration requires rethinking and the utilization of Immigration Naturalization Service data in relation to apprehensions, law enforcement and resolution of immigration issues requires a new perspective - the view of the stakeholders on the issue, especially those heavily impacted by an intensely militarized border. The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) accepts illegal immigrants violating the EWI (entry without permission) and overstay (enter legally and stay illegally) are subject to the Nationality Act Section 237 (a) (1) (B) where the immediate policy is deportation. 2/3 of illegal immigrants are said to violate EWI while the rest are overstayers. FAIR accepts that illegal immigration, especially in relation to the context of TEX-MEX border issues is not a victimless crime. While illegal immigrants flock to the US for perceived socio-economic development, the impact of illegal immigration on national security is enormous as current practice of fighting the problem drains public funds causing substantial harm to the most vulnerable in American society (the poor, the minorities, etc.). One of the main concerns is that due to the status of illegal immigrants in the country, they become embroiled in activities that can lead to an increase in certain types of crime, especially in the border areas. How affected are the Border States by illegal immigration? What do its people think of the issue - the illegal immigrants, the government response and the impact it has on them? The aim of this research is to exploit the disparities in the perception of immigrants (both legal and illegal) and non-immigrants on border enforcement and crime rates.

Purpose & Significance

Based on my literature review, this particular topic has had significant interest for advocacy groups, law enforcement and policymakers. What is significant however is that there aren't much in-depth perception study of the stakeholders in impacted border areas considered to be the hotbed of these illegal activities - illegal immigration, human trafficking and of course, illegal drugs trade. The narrow element of this study, via a focus in South Texas allows for a specific perceptive study that will allow a relevant contextual exploration of the views of impacted populations in the area via specific representations of the populace through qualified sampling. The result would be a study of interest to area policymakers and law enforcement as specific policies and solutions can be tied in to needs and issues in context to this particular border area. What will be interesting as well are conclusions that can be drawn that can have implications for other border areas and for American policy as a whole in relation to border policing and illegal immigration. Additionally, it is important to note from the proposal of the immigration reform advocacy groups like FAIR where while they ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) in putting together a study framework on the subject. Resources are listed for further exploration of the study. A literature review is included.