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Childhood and Adoleescent Development

Analyze dimensions of development in relation to one another within the context of child and adolescent development.

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(a) Childhood consists of infancy, early childhood, and middle or late childhood. Infancy is the period of birth to 24 months; early childhood is the period of infancy to five years; and middle or late childhood involves the period of six years to 11 years. Childhood is the period when development involves the recognition of the self-understanding and self-recognition, particularly early childhood. As Piaget noted, children learn by interacting with their environment. Piaget's cognitive development theory theories held that children go through four stages:

(1) Sensorimotor stage [describing their world],
(2) Preoperational stage [child utilizes symbols and images],
(3) Concrete operations stage [child develops logical mental operations], and
(4) Formal operations stage [thinking and reasoning is developed] (Plotnik, 1986, 382).

Reviewing Piaget's stages of cognitive development, children progress in developing maturity through the four stages mentioned earlier. In stage 1, the child learns by interacting with the environment, in Stage 2 they learn to use symbols, words, and/or mental images. Children form logical mental operations in Stage 3, including the ability to classify objects. Piaget theory ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes dimensions of development in childhood and adolescence.