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    Effective Research

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    1) While Caffarella and Barnett (2000) indicate that critique is the most influential element in helping learners produce a better writing product, critique can be an emotional event. Cameron, Nairn, and Higgins (2009) note that it proved helpful in their workshops to discuss the emotions that emerged as students prepared to give and receive feedback.
    • Question: What is the role of critique in the development of a researcher and scholar? In what ways can it positively contribute to a learner's academic success? In what ways can it have a negative effect?

    2) How do the voice and tone of doctoral writing differ from the voice and tone of writing at other academic levels? Explain your view. What are some ways that voice and tone can enhance the scholarly image of your writing? Explain. (This response does not require research support.)

    3) Critical thinking is one of many vital skills that learners must develop in order to successfully examine research, analyze data, and complete a dissertation. Consider the characteristics and practices associated with the skill of critical thinking. Which of these are more or less beneficial or important than others? How does synthesis integrate into your view of critical thinking? (This response does not require research support.)

    4) Saade, Morin, and Thomas. (2012) describe critical thinking as the mental processes of discernment, analysis, and evaluation applied to information in order to achieve a logical final understanding and/or judgment.
    • Question: Describe your approach to breaking down information into component parts to better understand the characteristics of a statement, concept, or problem. How might outlining help to develop understanding? How do you know when to reach beyond previous experience and seek out other sources of information to enhance your understanding of the work in front of you? (This response does not require research support.)

    5) There are several unique characteristics of qualitative research that make it distinct from quantitative research.
    • Question: Describe the aspects of qualitative research and the elements of design that contribute to the rigor of the work. What actions of the researcher can compromise the integrity of the findings?

    6) Validity and reliability are primarily quantitative research concepts. Morse, Barrett, Mayan, Olson, and Spiers (2002) argue that their exclusion from qualitative research design undermines the credibility and rigor of qualitative research conclusions.
    • Question: Were they correct in this assertion? Why or why not?

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    Solution Preview

    While Caffarella and Barnett (2000) indicate that critique is the most influential element in helping learners produce a better writing product, critique can be an emotional event. Cameron, Nairn, and Higgins (2009) note that it proved helpful in their workshops to discuss the emotions that emerged as students prepared to give and receive feedback.

    (1) Question: What is the role of critique in the development of a researcher and scholar? In what ways can it positively contribute to a learner's academic success? In what ways can it have a negative effect?

    The role of critique in the development of a researcher and scholar is to provide the student with feedback on his or her work to help in the scholarly writing process, As explained by Caffarell and Barnett (2000), there are three important aspects to the scholarly writing process that includes: (a) content, (b) process as an ongoing effort of writing and rewriting, and (c) critiquing that consists of being able to help students develop a final draft.

    (a) Content involves investigating a specific area of interest focused on the content of the class, (b) the process includes critiquing a colleague's work, and (c) incorporating the feedback from the colleagues feedback to aid in producing scholarly work. Taken together. these aspecs of the scholarly writing process can help the student to become a better scholar and practitioner.

    The positive effect is that critiquing another's work, and being able to accept and provide feedback will enable the student in becoming a better leader (Caffarella and Barnett, 2000). On the opposite side, a critique that is viewed as negative may tend to discourage a student, and he or she may be unlikely to have his or her work critiqued. For this reason, Cameron, Nairn and Higgins (2009) recommend considering the emotions of others when providing feedback.

    (2) How do the voice and tone of doctoral writing differ from the voice and tone of writing at other academic levels? Explain your view. What are some ways that voice and tone can enhance the scholarly image of your writing? Explain. (This response does not require research support.

    The voice and tone of doctoral writing is that of a professional. His or her work is scholarly and scientific-based. Other forms of writing, although it must be presented using good grammar and mechanics, doctoral writing communicates to ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution discusses techniques of effective research by doctoral studies. The role of critique in the development of a researcher and scholar is found.

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