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Definitions of terms relating to the brain

Please provide definitions and explanations for the following terms:

- Neurons
- Axion, Dendrites, Milean Sheath
- White Matter/Gray Matter
- Synamptic Gap
- Neurotransmitters and Receptor Sites
- Three Types of Neurons: Sensory, Motor, Interneurons

- How we study the Brain
- Brodmann's Areas
- Reptilian Brain, Limbic Brain, Neocortex --> Evolution of the Brain

- False Memories
- What are they?
- How might they be introduced?
- What makes a false memory more/less believable?

Solution Preview

Neurons - Basic nerve cells that are the building blocks for the nervous system. They transmit information throughout the body

Axion - The brain and spinal cord

Dendrites - Branches off of a neuron that conduct stimulation received from other cells; they look like tree branches off of the cell

Myelin Sheath - An electrically insulating material that forms a layer; usually around the axon of a neuron

White Matter - One of the two components of the central nervous system; transmits signals from the white matter to the gray matter in the brain

Gray Matter - One of the two components of the central nervous system; portion of the brain responsible for muscle control and sensory perception (seeing, hearing, memory, emotion and speech)

**For both of these, here is an example. Looking at these two parts as a computer network, the gray matter would be like an actual computer and the white matter would be like the cables connecting the computers ...

Solution Summary

A discussion regarding terms that are related to the brain, several are included. 580 words.