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Discussing Classical Conditioning

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Examine the theory of classical conditioning. In your examination, address the following:

o Describe the theory of classical conditioning.
o Select a scenario in which you would apply classical conditioning theory, such as training your dog to sit or training your partner to clean the house.
o Describe your selected scenario and illustrate how you would apply classical conditioning theory to the scenario
.
Use at least three references, one of which may be your book. Two need to be from a peer-reviewed journal or book on a related topic. The last one can be from a website or another electronic source.

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Classical Conditioning

o Describe the theory of classical conditioning.

Remove the word, 'classical' and the concept of conditioning is based on the idea that like most other animals, humans can be conditioned, trained, or programmed to act in a certain way. The programming occurs by using a cause [stimulus, reward, or action] that produces a response, which is an effect. Actually, unification in the field of psychology will one day link the science of UniversalGravitation.org that's Isaac Newton's scientific law of cause and effect. In fact, the Journal of Behaviorism references Gormezano & Coleman's peer reviewed article, "Classical conditioning and the Law of Effect" as it includes empirical data on the subject matter. Hence, most everyone knows the famous axiom: "For every action, there's an equal or opposite reaction."

Missouri University of Science and Technology references how, "the classical conditioning experiment conducted by Pavlov goes as follows: A dog is hooked to a mechanism that measures the amount that the dog salivates. A tone is sounded just before a dog is given meat powder. This occurs several times. Eventually, conditioning occurs in that the dog salivates just to the bell alone. Of course, the dog salivates instinctively in response to the food, but "learns" to salivate to the sound of the bell, much as you might find your mouth watering at the site, smell, or even memory of your favorite food. Pavlov used this relatively simple experiment as a model for describing much of the automatic/nonconscious learning that occurs in everyday life. In any case where you have "learned" to respond automatically to some sort of stimulus with fear, joy, excitement, or anticipation you have become classically conditioned."

> http://web.mst.edu/~psyworld/classical_conditioning.htm

-------> Note: You may (or may not) wish to expand on this section by incorporating notes from Northern Illinois University's data on the key concepts of classical conditioning, which includes, "Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS), Unconditioned Response (UCR), Conditioned Stimulus (CS), Conditioned Response (CR), and the following terms:

- Acquisition
The acquisition phase is the consistent parings of the CS (bell) and the UCS (food) that produces a CR (salivation). In the example above, this phase occurs when the dog begins to salivate at the ...

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Solution examines the theory of classical conditioning and provides the best examples on this subject matter.

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Discussing an Informal Learning Experience

Task: Write a paper describing a single, informal learning experience you have had. You may include a time when you learned to fear something, love something, hate something, or to accomplish a task. You may describe, for instance, how you became afraid of heights, why a particular food or smell moves you emotionally, or why you dislike elevators. The experience must be concrete and can be a singular experience or an experience that occurred over a longer period. Describe the experience by applying learning theories to the steps involved in the learning experience. Be sure to include the following in your paper:

a. Identify what you learned from the experience(s).
b. Describe how your learning could have occurred through classical conditioning. Identify the unconditioned stimulus, the unconditioned response, the conditioned stimulus, and the conditioned response.
c. Explain how your learning could have occurred through operant conditioning. Describe the behavior, consequence, and reinforcement. Indicate the schedule of reinforcement, if applicable.
d. Address how your learning could have occurred through cognitive-social learning.
e. Discuss the influences of media and prejudice on learning.
f. Conclude by comparing and contrasting classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive-social learning.

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