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    Integrating Biological Factors

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    Case Study on Mary and Integrating Biological Factors, which relates to the "biological aspects of panic disorder. Given the significant research into biological aspects of panic disorder, several key insights are germane to Mary's case. First, panic and other anxiety disorders have a strong familial contribution, in that individuals whose family members have these disorders are at increased risk of also developing the disorders. Second, neurotransmitters associated with the GABA-benzodiazepine and serotonergic systems have been implicated in the development of panic disorder. Therefore, medications prescribed by a physician such as benzodiazepines (e.g., Valium and Xanax) and antidepressants (e.g., Zoloft and Lexapro) may be helpful in altering the biological neurochemistry associated with Mary's panic symptoms. However, potential side effects including addiction potential would need to be fully discussed and Mary clearly informed as to her biological and other treatment options.

    - What are some appropriate interventions for this case study and why are they appropriate?

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    As for Panic Disorder, we can go with the theory of nature vs. nurture or that it can be hereditary and even anxiety learned and reinforced over time. The risk of developing an addiction to benzodiazepine increases as with its popularity in being prescribed. As discussions commence regarding the potential "addictive" nature of benzodiazepine, confusion surrounds the accuracy of proper definition. As reported by Juergens (as cited in Rinaldi, Steindler, Wilford, & Goodwin, 1988) argue that drug abuse involves harm to the user and/or others resulting in the use of the drug but without progression to the compulsive patterns as in addiction and dependence. Versus the behavioral characteristics defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III-R that tailors to the traditional model of addiction accentuating the compulsive use of the substance Juergens (as cited in Rinaldi et al., 1988).

    Anyone prescribed homogenous medications, such as Valium, Ativan, or Xanax, would ...

    Solution Summary

    The following solution explains the biological factors of a panic attack factor in a case study, and suggests interventions based on this knowledge. References are included.