What is Health Psychology? Why did it develop? What are the main areas health psychologists address?
INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Definition of Health
Health is a state of being with physical, cultural, psychosocial, economic and
spiritual attributes, not simply the absence of illness - Marks 2000
Health Psychology stemmed from the United States about 20 years ago, the main goals of health psychology is to promote and maintain health, prevent and treat illnesses, determine the cause of illness and to improve health care systems and health policy,
Matarazzo (1980) has defined health psychology as;
' the aggregate of the specific educational, scientific and professional contribution of the discipline of psychology to the promotion and maintenance of health, the promotion and treatment of illness, the identification of etiologic and diagnostic correlates of health, illness and related dysfunction and to the analysis and improvement of the health care system and health policy formation'
The primary objective of health psychology is to promote and maintain the well being of individuals, communities and entire populations. Unlike clinical psychology the primary focus of ...