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Classical Conditioning Article

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Classical Conditioning in the News

Using a current article that illustrates concepts associated with classical conditioning (i.e. a current situation with conditioned response or conditioned suppression)..

Provide a summary of the articleâ??s main points and any insights or comments you would like to make relative to those points.

Include reference information for the article

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You'll find a really interesting article in this month's online edition of PNAS. The full reference is:

Fifer, W.P., Byrdd, D. L., Kakua, M., Eigstie, I-M., Islerb, J. R., Grose-Fiferf, J., Tarulloa, A. R., & Balsama, P. D. (2010). Newborn infants learn during sleep. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1005061107

It is currently only available online (not in print), so there are no volume or page numbers yet.

You can also find a summary of the paper at:


In the study, they tested the ability of 34 newborns (these babies were only 1-3 days old) to learn an association between a tone and a puff of air to the eye. A puff of air to the eye is a stimulus we respond to automatically (i.e. it is an ...

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Classical Conditioning Article is summarized.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Watson's Classical Conditioning Experiment

Copy and paste the following line in a Google search:

Watson J. B., & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3(1), 1-14.

Read the article and answer the following questions in your essay:

Explain the initial pairing of the banging bar and the rat in terms of learning through classical conditioning. What is unconditioned stimulus (US), conditioned stimulus (CS), and conditioned response (CR)?
How were Watson and Rayner able to condition Albert to react to different stimuli such as masks, other animals, and a fur coat? Explain the concept of generalization.
Why didn't the conditioning last over time? Explain the concept of extinction.
Considering the current standards, can the same experiment be conducted (or replicated) by researchers today? Explain some of the ethical issues related to the experiment.
Make sure you cite the article you read as well as the textbook, if used.

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