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Comparing Classical and Instrumental Conditioning.

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What are the main features of Classical and Instrumental conditioning? Use chart form to compare.

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This solution compares classical and instrumental conditioning on several dimensions.

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The generally accepted view in the mid-1950s was that classical conditioning resulted from the procedure of presenting CSs (usually) just before presentation of USs; this contiguity was assumed to form the bond between the two types of cues. The CSs were then assumed to gain the power to elicit either an inhibitory response (CS-) or an excitatory response (CS+). These responses were usually responses of some system (such as the cardiovascular system, the viscera, or the salivary glands) controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Experimental extinction was assumed to return the CS to the status of a neutral cue. This happened by a process of internal inhibition of the cue's capacity to elicit the CR. Extinction might also be the result of the conversion of a CS+ to a CS- (or vice versa). In any case extinction was the result of not reinforcing the ...

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