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Comparing Classical and Instrumental Conditioning.

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What are the main features of Classical and Instrumental conditioning? Use chart form to compare.

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The generally accepted view in the mid-1950s was that classical conditioning resulted from the procedure of presenting CSs (usually) just before presentation of USs; this contiguity was assumed to form the bond between the two types of cues. The CSs were then assumed to gain the power to elicit either an inhibitory response (CS-) or an excitatory response (CS+). These responses were usually responses of some system (such as the cardiovascular system, the viscera, or the salivary glands) controlled by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Experimental extinction was assumed to return the CS to the status of a neutral cue. This happened by a process of internal inhibition of the cue's capacity to elicit the CR. Extinction might also be the result of the conversion of a CS+ to a CS- (or vice versa). In any case extinction was the result of not reinforcing the ...

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This solution compares classical and instrumental conditioning on several dimensions.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Instrumental Conditioning


Describe your selected learning situation.
Compare and contrast the concepts of positive and negative reinforcement as they relate to your selected situation.
Explain the role of reward and punishment in your selected learning situation.
Explain which form of instrumental conditioning would be most effective in your selected situation.

Include at least three references from scholarly sources.

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