Think about the last time you attended a lecture or were in a classroom. Applying the information processing model, why did some things make it into your short-term memory and some things into your long-term memory? How can knowing this process increase your learning potential? How would you reduce the likelihood of forgetting important information?
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1. Think about the last time you attended a lecture or were in a classroom. Applying the information-processing model, why did some things make it into your short-term memory and some things into your long-term memory?
According to the information-processing model, memory is divided up into several stages:
(1) Sensory memory-
This is the first stage of memory and is of brief duration but has high information capacity. Each of the five senses has a sensory store that briefly retains information selection and processing. During the third of a second that information lasts in sensory store it is mentally scanned and only those characteristics that stand out or are important are retained for further processing.
(2) Short Term Memory (STM) -
This stage of memory can retain information for up to approximately 30 seconds. Long enough to look up a phone number and dial it. Whether or not the information gets passed along to the next level depends on how important it is. If someone is faced with a survival crisis - a fire, a medical emergency, etc. - the brain will give its full attention to that need and any incoming information that is not related to that need will be lost. Likewise, if there are any emotional barriers because of circumstances - loss of a friend, divorce, pending move, etc. - the incoming data will be ignored and is gone for good. That information which does make it through moves to the next stage. (3)
Working memory is a theoretical concept related to STM and it performs the function of processing information for long-term storage. Two important processes ...
Applying the information processing model, the solution explains several thing: why some things make it into short-term memory and some things into long-term memory, how knowing this process increases your learning potential and how to reduce the likelihood of forgetting important information.